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Trichoderma is a fungal based Biocontroller containing the fungus, Trichoderma viride. It is a potential antagonistic fungus and protects crops from paria, root rots, wilts, damping off and other soil borne diseases in all crops. It is a beneficial fungus which secretes cellulase and chitinase enzymes which reacts which with cell wall of the disease causing pathogenic fungi and dissolve the same.
Advantages of Trichoderma
Disease Control: Trichoderma is a potent biocontrol agent and used extensively for soil born diseases. It has been used successfully against pathogenic fungi belonging to various genera, viz. Fusarium, Phytopthara, Scelerotia etc.
Plant Growth Promoter: Trichoderma strains solubilize phosphates and micronutrients. The application of Trichoderma strains with plants increases the number of deep roots, thereby increasing the plant's ability to resist drought.
Biochemical Elicitors of Disease: Trichoderma strains are known to induce resistance in plants. Three classes of compounds that are produced by Trichoderma and induce resistance in plants are now known. These compounds induce ethylene production, hypersensitive responses and other defense related reactions in plant cultivars.
Transgenic Plants: Introduction of endochitinase gene from Trichoderma into plants such as to-bacco and potato plants has increased their resistance to fungal growth. Selected transgenic lines are highly tolerant to foliar pathogens such as Alternaria alternata, A. solani, and Botrytis cirerea as well as to the soil-borne pathogen,Rhizectonia spp.
Bioremediation: Trichoderma strains play an important role in the bioremediation of soil that are contaminated with pesticides and herbicides. They have the ability to degrade a wide range of insecticides: organochlorines, organophosphates and carbonates.
This Trichoderma can be used in both Kharif and rabi season for seed treatment of oilseeds (Ground nut, soybean, sunflower, castor, sesame, safflower etc) Paddy, Cotton, Pulses & all types of flowering ornamental plants, fruits, vegetables, medicinal plants and all types of plants. It decomposes the organic matter present in soil, improves soil structure & improves the germination of seed.